Fossil Energy Research and Development Program


Energy - Fossil Fuels

Subsidy Type


Committees of Jurisdiction

Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, House Natural Resources Committee, House Science, Space and Technology Committee

$890 FY 23 Budget Score (in mil.)
$8,124 FY 23-32 Budget Score (in mil.)

In the Department of Energy (DOE), the Office of Fossil Energy manages the Fossil Energy Research and Development Program (FER&D), which includes the R&D Programs in Advanced Coal Energy Systems & Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS), Natural Gas Technologies and Unconventional Fossil Energy Technologies; as well as funding for the operations, infrastructure and R&D at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is the process of separating carbon dioxide from fossil fuels, pumping it deep inside the earth, and leaving it stored in underground geologic formations such as exhausted oil and gas fields, or using it to stimulate additional oil and gas production. FER&D manages four CCS/CCUS demonstration programs.

The Advanced Coal Energy Systems & CCUS program conducts R&D on technologies to reduce coal power plant emissions and CCUS. The Natural Gas Technology Program conducts research on gas infrastructure and gas hydrates. The Unconventional Fossil Energy Technology Program conducts research on shale gas development.

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